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导弹火工品及其安全性

归档日期:07-07       文本归类:火工品      文章编辑:爱尚语录

  声明:百科词条人人可编辑,词条创建和修改均免费,绝不存在官方及代理商付费代编,请勿上当受骗。详情

  出版时间:2018-10千 字 数:277版次:01-01页 数:220

  本书系统地介绍了导弹火工品及其安全性的相关知识。内容包括导弹火工品的概念、用途和分类、火工品药剂、典型导弹火工品、新型火工品技术、火工品固有安全性、火工品储存与转运安全、火工品操作安全等。为方便读者查阅专业词汇,书末还提供了导弹火工品常用词汇对照表及火工品安全国家军用标准列表。

  第1 章 绪论 ··············································································································· 1

  1.1 导弹概述 ······································································································ 1

  1.2 火工品概念 ·································································································· 4

  1.3 导弹火工品用途 ·························································································· 5

  1.3.1 点火作用 ··························································································· 7

  1.3.2 起爆作用 ························································································· 11

  1.3.3 做功作用 ························································································· 15

  1.4 导弹火工品分类 ························································································ 16

  1.5 导弹火工品特点 ························································································ 18

  1.6 导弹火工品战术技术要求········································································· 19

  本章小结 ············································································································ 21

  思考题 ················································································································ 21

  第2 章 火工品药剂 ································································································· 22

  2.1 起爆药 ········································································································ 22

  2.1.1 起爆药特性 ····················································································· 22

  2.1.2 几种常用起爆药 ············································································· 28

  2.1.3 对起爆药的要求 ············································································· 40

  2.2 猛炸药 ········································································································ 41

  2.2.1 太安 ································································································· 41

  2.2.2 黑索金 ····························································································· 43

  2.2.3 奥克托金 ························································································· 45

  2.2.4 特屈儿 ····························································································· 47

  2.3 点火药 ········································································································ 49

  2.4 延期药 ········································································································ 53

  本章小结 ············································································································ 56

  思考题 ················································································································ 56

  第3 章 典型导弹火工品 ························································································· 57

  3.1 点火类火工品 ···························································································· 57

  3.1.1 烟火剂点火器 ················································································· 58

  3.1.2 点火发动机 ····················································································· 62

  3.1.3 隔板点火器 ····················································································· 63

  3.2 起爆类火工品 ···························································································· 64

  3.2.1 雷管 ································································································· 64

  3.2.2 导爆药柱 ························································································· 87

  3.2.3 传爆管 ····························································································· 90

  3.3 做功类火工品 ···························································································· 94

  3.3.1 燃气发生器 ····················································································· 94

  3.3.2 电爆管 ····························································································· 97

  3.3.3 作动装置 ························································································· 98

  3.3.4 点式分离火工装置 ······································································· 103

  3.3.5 线型分离火工装置 ······································································· 110

  3.4 索类火工品 ······························································································ 115

  3.4.1 导火索 ··························································································· 116

  3.4.2 导爆索 ··························································································· 120

  本章小结 ·········································································································· 125

  思考题 ·············································································································· 126

  第4 章 新型火工品技术 ······················································································· 127

  4.1 半导体桥起爆点火技术 ·········································································· 127

  4.1.1 结构组成 ······················································································· 127

  4.1.2 工作原理 ······················································································· 130

  4.1.3 主要特点 ······················································································· 132

  4.1.4 典型应用 ······················································································· 133

  4.2 直列式起爆点火技术 ·············································································· 136

  4.2.1 系统组成 ······················································································· 136

  4.2.2 冲击片雷管 ··················································································· 138

  4.2.3 冲击片点火管 ··············································································· 143

  4.3 激光起爆点火技术 ·················································································· 146

  4.3.1 激光起爆点火机理 ······································································· 146

  4.3.2 激光点火技术 ··············································································· 147

  4.3.3 激光起爆技术 ··············································································· 151

  4.4 MEMS 火工品技术 ················································································· 154

  4.4.1 MEMS 火工器件特点 ··································································· 155

  4.4.2 MEMS 火工技术应用 ··································································· 156

  本章小结 ·········································································································· 160

  思考题 ·············································································································· 160

  第5 章 火工品固有安全性 ··················································································· 161

  5.1 火工品药剂安全 ······················································································ 161

  5.1.1 火工品药剂的不安定因素 ···························································· 161

  5.1.2 高安全火工药剂 ··········································································· 165

  5.2 火工品安全设计 ······················································································ 167

  5.2.1 安全编码技术 ··············································································· 168

  5.2.2 抗杂散电流技术 ··········································································· 169

  5.2.3 抗静电技术 ··················································································· 170

  5.2.4 抗射频技术 ··················································································· 173

  5.3 火工品供电安全 ······················································································ 175

  5.3.1 火工品点火电路 ··········································································· 176

  5.3.2 引信供电电路 ··············································································· 179

  本章小结 ·········································································································· 181

  思考题 ·············································································································· 181

  第6 章 火工品勤务处理安全 ··············································································· 182

  6.1 储存安全 ·································································································· 182

  6.1.1 温度影响及效应 ··········································································· 182

  6.1.2 湿度影响及效应 ··········································································· 185

  6.1.3 其他因素影响及效应 ··································································· 187

  6.2 转运安全 ·································································································· 188

  6.2.1 振动影响及效应 ··········································································· 189

  6.2.2 冲击影响及效应 ··········································································· 189

  6.3 操作安全 ·································································································· 190

  6.3.1 静电影响及效应 ··········································································· 191

  6.3.2 射频影响及效应 ··········································································· 196

  本章小结 ·········································································································· 203

  思考题 ·············································································································· 203

  附录A 中英导弹火工品常用词汇对照表 ···························································· 204

  附录B 火工品安全国家军用标准列表 ································································ 210

  参考文献 ·················································································································· 211

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